News

Letter: Vatican City State is, but Kaliningrad Oblast is not

Both Mark Mazower (Life & Arts, March 26) and Denis MacShane refer to Kaliningrad as a Russian enclave (Letters, April 4). They are incorrect two ways.

First, Kaliningrad is a city. Kaliningrad Oblast describes the territory in question. Second, Kaliningrad Oblast is not an enclave but rather a semi-exclave. Enclaves are wholly surrounded by a single territory (as Vatican City State is by Italy). Exclaves are wholly separated from the main part of the state to which they belong and may be bordered by any number of territories (in this case, Poland and Lithuania).

We must use semi-exclave here, however, because part of Kaliningrad Oblast is surrounded not by foreign territory but by a coastline contiguous with international waters.

Anthony Pino
Cambridge, MA, US

Articles You May Like

Credit Suisse forecasts $1.6bn loss as wealthy clients withdraw funds
SBF, FTX execs reportedly spend millions on properties in the Bahamas
Supply scarcity, UST rally propelling munis
Ratings agencies say higher ed is pressured
Texas board holds $3.4B natural gas securitization deal for review